Introduction of RVDT:
RVDT full form stands for a Rotary variable differential transformer. A rotary variable differential transformer (RVDT) is an electro-mechanical transducer that provides a variable AC output voltage that is proportional to the angular displacement of its input shaft. As RVDT is an AC-controlled device, there is no electronic component inside it. Also, the electrical output of RVDT is obtained by the difference in secondary voltages of the transformer, so it is also called a Differential Transformer.
As in our previous article, we have already discussed the complete theory of LVDT. As we know RVDT is also an Inductive Transducer, not a Transformer. Its design and working are similar to LVDT. So for a better understanding of the concepts of RVDT, please follow our previous article titled as Construction and working of LVDT.
What is RVDT?
RVDT is an electro-mechanical inductive transducer that converts angular displacement into the corresponding electrical signal. It is the most widely used inductive sensor due to its high accuracy level. Since the coil of RVDT is designed to measure an angular position, it is also known as an angular position sensor. Unlike LVDT, RVDT is also a passive differential transducer.
The design and construction of RVDT is similar to LVDT. The only difference is the shape of the core in transformer windings. LVDT uses the soft iron core to measure the linear displacement whereas RVDT uses the Cam-shaped core (Rotating core) for measuring the angular displacement.
To understand the construction of RVDT in detail, please follow our previous article about LVDT construction.
The secondary voltage is determined with the help of the equation given below:
The differential output will be determined as:
A total sum of voltages will be calculated as a constant C.
RVDT working principle
The working principles of RVDT and LVDT both are the same and based on the mutual induction principle. When AC excitation of (5-15) Volt at a frequency of 50-400 Hz is applied to the primary windings of RVDT a magnetic field is produced inside the core. This magnetic field induces a mutual current in secondary windings. Then due to transformer action, the induced voltages in secondary windings ( and ) are respectively. Hence the net output voltage will be the difference between both the induced secondary voltages.
Hence Output will be E0 = Es1 – Es2.
Now according to the position of the core, there are three cases that arise. So Let’s discuss these three cases one by one in detail.
- When the core is at the null position then the flux linkage with both the secondary windings will be the same. So the induced emf in both the windings will be the same. Hence the Net differential output voltage will be zero . It shows that no displacement of the core.
- will be more as compared to S2. This means the emf induced in will be more than the induced emf in S2. Hence and Net differential output voltage will be positive. This means the output voltage will be in phase with the primary voltage. When the core of RVDT rotates in the clockwise direction. Then, in this case, the flux linkage with
- S2 will be more as compared to . It means the emf induced in S2 will be more than the induced emf in . Hence and Net differential output voltage will be negative. This means the output voltage be in phase opposition ( will degrees out of phase) with the primary voltage. When the core of RVDT rotates in the anti-clockwise direction. Then, in this case, the flux linkage with
- High Accuracy.
- Compact and strong construction.
- The consistency of RVDT is high.
- Long life span.
- Very high Resolution.
- Low cost.
- High durability.
- Linearity is excellent.
- The performance is repeatable.
Disadvantages of RVDT
The disadvantages of RVDT mainly include the following.
- Since the output of RVDT is linear ( about +40 degrees or -40 degrees), it restricts its usability.
- The contact among the measuring exteriors as well as the nozzle is not possible for all time.
Applications of RVDT
RVDT is most commonly used as a sensor nowadays, also it doesn’t experience any functional problems due to its contactless structure. Hence the main applications of RVDT include the following.
- Actuators for controlling flight as well as engine.
- Fuel valve as well as hydraulics.
- Brake with a cable system.
- Modern machine tools.
- Nose wheel steering systems.
- Weapon and Torpedo system.
- Engine fuel control system.
- Aircraft and avionics.
- Engines bleed air systems.
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